The terms ‘Right to Information’ (RTI) ‘and Freedom of Information’ (FOI) are interchangeably used but the underlying meaning is the same. – to have the ability to access information.

‘Information’ as a term has been derived from the Latin words ‘Formation’ and ‘Forma’ which means giving shape to something and forming a pattern, respectively. However, the word information in these terms is used in a certain context. It denotes to that information which is held by the government.  The information held by the government belongs to the people and the government and its functionaries are custodians of this information for the time being. It belongs to the people because it is primarily the sum total of a collection of facts about the people and the country.